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GLOSSARY

Headgear

Emperor Shenzong of Song wearing Song official headwear

Emperor Shenzong of Song wearing Song official head wear

The head wear of Song dynasty officials consisted of a black hat with two wing-like flaps. The thin flaps are stiff and straight, and could extend up to almost a meter each.

The founder of the Song dynasty, Emperor Taizu of Song, designed this so that during assemblies, his officials would be kept apart by the flaps and would not whisper to each other.


Ming dynasty Scholar-Official headwear wushamao

Ming dynasty Scholar-Official wearing 'wushamao' (烏紗帽) and robes with mandarin badges of rank