Ren Bonian whose actual name was Ren Yi (1840-1896) was a native of Shanyin (present-day Shaoxing), Zhejiang Province. He was a follower of the style and methods of Chen Hongshou, outstanding artist of the late Ming Dynasty and an expert bird-and-flower painter who attached great importance to painting from nature. Technically, Ren Bonian employed different methods, alternately or in combination, such as houle (outline drawing), diancu (conglomeration of dots) and pomo (splashed ink). His colours were fresh, bright and clear and his images vivid and real. He was also a figure painter credited with some of the finest examples of Chinese portrait painting.