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Huang Gongwang [Huang Kung-wang]

Born in 1269, Changshu, Jiangsu province, China (died 1354). Huang Gongwang is together with Ni Zan, Wu Zhen and Wang Meng considered as one of the four most oustanding artists of the Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368).

He was the oldest of the group of Chinese painters later known as the Four Masters of the Yuan dynasty (1206–1368). Together they greatly developed landscape painting. He was often cited meritoriously by later painters and critics for his rectitude (even though he briefly served in a junior capacity in the Mongol administration), and for his intense association with nature.

Following in the footsteps of Dong Yuan and Ju Ran, Huang blended his feelings towards nature into his paintings and also wrote a book about this which served following generations on Landscape Painting.

Many of Huang's landscape paintings were produced after he was 70 years old. Huang spent most of his later years in retirement in the Fuchun Mountains, which he recorded in his paintings. He created nearly 100 paintings of which several are preserved until today, such as Marvelous Rivers and Mountains, Living in Seclusion as a Fisherman, A Room Full of Fragrant Orchids, etc., and the maybe most famous of all The Dwelling in Fuchun Mountain, which was of 396.6 cm long and 33 cm high and contained the most beautiful scenery of the two banks of the FuchunRive. Huang spent six or seven years visiting every corner along the banks of the river to complete that painting. The whole painting portrays beautiful, simple and elegant scenery.

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