Antique Chinese Porcelain collectors' help and info page, Ming and Qing dynasty, Chinese porcelain marks

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Antique Chinese and Japanese Porcelain Collectors'
Help and Info Page

Welcome to the Gotheborg Antique Chinese and Japanese Porcelain Collectors' page. Thousand of pages of free help and information, about 1,500 translated and dated Japanese and Chinese porcelain marks, a glossary with almost 800 Pottery and Porcelain terms, articles and translated documents on Chinese porcelain history, Chinese travelogues, extensive Question & Answer pages.
Welcome to join our Discussion Board. To find your way on this large web page, use the navigation panel to the left to go to the relevant section or just scroll down this page and start reading.
 

FOR SALE

Large straight sided mug with handle in underglaze blue and white decoration, Kangxi period (1662-17 ... ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

Large hot water dish in underglaze blue and white decoration, Qianlong period (1736-1795) ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

Jade dog figure ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

Small Chinese Export Porcelain Blue and White serving dish, Qianlong period (1736-1795) ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

Candlestick in underglaze Blue and White, Qianlong period (1736-1795) ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

Small to medium size serving dish, Qianlong period (1736-1795) ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

Ming 'Kraak' wine bottle, Wanli (1573-1620) ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

Quick email consultation Quick e-mail consultations

If you need a quick personal advise on any Chinese or Japanese porcelain related question, you can e-mail me directly at chineseporcelaininfo.com.

Click here to Ask A Question.

Chinese and Japanese Porcelain Marks Marks section, with more than 1400 translated and dated Chinese and Japanese Porcelain Marks. Illustrated, dated and translated.

Marks section, with more than 1,500 translated and dated Chinese and Japanese Porcelain Marks. Illustrated, dated and translated.
Click here to go directly to Japanese marks or Chinese Marks.

The Gotheborg Discussion Board Gotheborg.com Discussion Board Moderators JE and Tommy meet up

A friendly Antique Chinese and Japanese pottery and porcelain collector's community. A beacon of light in a sea of fakes and misleading information. On-line since June 1999. - Access to about 300,000 pictures and all helpful answers. - About 100 different topics. - Search and read as much as you want. - Ask when you need. - Help when you can. - Participate as much as you like. - Commercially independent - no buying, no selling, no promoting.

Full membership is only $9.95 USD per month or a flat $29 USD per year. Sign up - pay - renew here (Paypal)

Museum curators, Art's historian academics, researchers and students of Oriental Art can apply for free membership. Sign up as a Guest and describe your affiliation for a free activation code.

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Ongoing 24/7 global discussions right now:

Today 10:40pm Hi all, I am of the opinion the dish is 18th there are some similar decorat ...

Today 09:59pm Dear Jeni. You are correct the owner marked so as to get his dish back if m ...

Today 09:32pm Hey everyone, I found a few dishes at a antique shop that mainly sells o ...

Today 08:30pm Hi Jim, Yea, I'm a little disappointed in how the pictures turned out.T ...

Today 08:21pm Forgot size. It is 5.5" wide, 2" tall with a 1.25" foot ...

Today 08:09pm Black ware bowl with leaf decoration. Stoneware are there in no ring when t ...

Today 07:12pm Hi Jim, A real monument of a vase !! What a load of work here, must have ...

Today 05:54pm Greetings to everyone, About a week ago I purchased a large 2 foot tall Kut ...

Today 05:48pm Dear Mike. Thank you for the help on my ink stone reading. I thought it had ...

Today 05:17pm Howard, I am not sure , it seems to show the purple haze ! over the white ...

What our members say

Glossary of Chinese and Japanese Porcelain Terms Glossary of Chinese Porcelain Terms

Glossary of Chinese Pottery and Porcelain Terms, Decorations and Symbols. More than 520 terms explained and illustrated. The glossary is constantly updated. Click here to go directly to the Glossary.

Q&A Porcelain Info Section

Large Q&A Porcelain Info Section with pictures of Chinese and Japanese porcelains, popular styles, shapes and decorations. Please see Ask a Question on how to summit your own questions. For collectors with a wide interest in learning and discussing Chinese and Japanese ceramics, please also consider a full membership of the Discussion Board.

100 Best Books Glossary of Chinese Porcelain Terms

An ever growing list of recommended books on Japanese and Chinese Pottery and Porcelain. There are many good books out there. This section will just show a few recent and a few classic books that in my view deserve a place in any collector's library.

The Swedish East India Company, Trading to China 1731-1813 The Swedish East India Company, Trading to China 1731-1813

Trade, ships, wrecks, ceramics and Marine Archaeology. On-going and past.

Stories and Visits to China at the Gotheborg Porcelain Collector's Help and Info Page

The Tang 'Belitung' or Batu Hitam) shipwreck of ca 830, exhibition in Singapore 2016

The Belitung (Tang or Batu Hitam) shipwreck sank on its way back from China around 830 AD. The ship contained untold treasures of gold and silver and the first Chinese underglaze blue and white dish known to mankind.

A large proportion of the most important finds were exhibited at the Asian Civilisation's Museum in Singapore, in 2016.

The full text of the "Twenty Illustrations of the Manufacture of Porcelain", written by Tang Ying on Imperial command in 1743

A Chinese porcelain potter in Jingdezhen 1992. Photo: Jan-Erik Nilsson, 1992

This is one of the most important original documents on the manufacturing of porcelain ever written. Tang Ying was the most famous of all superintendents of the Imperial Porcelain factory in Jingdezhen, active during 1736-1753.

The translation was made by S. W. Bushell in 1899. Since the original pictures from 1743 are lost, I have illustrated the text with pictures - where applicable - taken by me, in 1991 and 1992, when I had the privilege of spending a few weeks in Jingdezhen together with Professor Bo Gyllensvärd where I could study the porcelain potteries as they were still running.

The Swedish exhibition of Chinese pottery and porcelain in the 'Forbidden City' (Gugong), Beijing 2005

Exhibition opening ceremony and meeting w Professor <i>Geng Baoshang</i>, well known for his profound writings and scholarship on Chinese Imperial porcelain.

During September to December 2005 a Swedish exhibition of Chinese pottery and porcelain was held at the Wumen Exhibition Hall in the Forbidden City (Old Palace 'Gugong' Museum) in Beijing. The purpose was to highlight the long time peaceful relations between Sweden and China, from J G Anderssons discoveries of the Neolithic past of China, to The East Indiaman Gotheborg ship excavation and rebuilding.

The exhibition focused on 18th century Chinese porcelain exported to the West but highlighted Neolithic pottery and some Imperial wares, from a rare example of Ru ware in the Röhss Museum Collection to Chinese porcelain made to order of the Swedish East India Company.

Welcome to browse the on-line version of the catalog here. Web layout, hosting and photo, courtesy of Jan-Erik Nilsson, Gotheborg.com.

Frank B. Lentz visit to Jingdezhen November 1920

Frank B. Lenz visit to Jingdezhen November 1920

In the early 20th century, in November 1920, immediately after that the Chinese Empire had fallen and the Imperial Porcelain Factory had been turned into a private venture, Frank B. Lenz visited Jingdezhen.

The report was published together with photographs by the author in the November 1920 issue of The National Geographic Magazine.

This entire article is available here.

Visit to old Terracotta Pottery Kiln in Bali

Visit to old Terracotta Pottery Kiln in Bali

A while ago I visited Bali in an attempt to look for traces of the old Majapahit Kingdom.

While the historic center of the Majapahit Kingdom had been located at the eastern end of the just nearby Java Island, Bali was to me of equal interest. Somewhat I also hoped that more of the old culture would had remained through the Buddhist and Hindu traditions, still predominant in Bali since much of the actual downfall of the Majapahit had been contemporary with Islam becoming the dominating belief on Java.

What I found was a beautiful Island, fairly modern and very friendly, and a local Terracotta Pottery and Kiln, still very much functioning, putting out large terracotta Jardinières for flowers and garden decorations. In was interesting to see how these large pots were made from the mud up to finished lead glazed pots, taller than men.

Visit Bali with me.

A Visit to the old Nanfeng kiln in Shiwan, Fushan city near Guangzhou (Canton)

Visit to the Shiwan (Shekwan) kilns and Fushan city, near Canton (Guangzhou) 2006

During 2006 I had the pleasure to, together with the Gotheborg III Ship project friends and co-founders Anders and Berit Wästfelt, visit Guangzhou and also take the opportunity to visit the not much visited but very important city of Fushan and the Nanfeng kilns in Shiwan. The staple town for tea and porcelain enamels during the 18th century.

This is the origin of the old Kwangtung wares and the heavily glazed tiles, pots and masterly sculpted figures. Well known from late Ming, popular during Qing and very much alive until today.

Welcome to visit Shiwan with me.

Visit to the City of Canton, 2006

Photo: Jan-Erik Nilsson

In July 2006 the rebuilt Swedish East Indiaman 'Gotheborg' finally arrived in Canton.

Since I had the pleasure to be very much involved in the starting of the project, as one of my personal musts when it arrived I really wanted to explore the City of Canton and see if I could find my way around by using this rare export porcelain dish as a map ...

The dish in itself is from around the 1760s but portrays a city where the European factories had not yet been built.

The source for this painting is not known, but in the collection of the China Castle in Stockholm, Sweden, dating to the 1740s there is an album leaf which shows a high degree of similarities. [ more ]

The East Indiaman Gotheborg III Ship, in Guangzhou, 2006

The Swedish East Indiaman Gotheborg III arrives in China July 2006, Photo: Jan-Erik Nilsson, 2006

The 17th of July 2006 the rebuilt replica of the first 'East Indiaman Gotheborg' arrived from Sweden to Boca Tigris in the Pearl River delta outside Canton, to later pass the old anchorage at 'Whampoa' to come to rest opposite the White Swan Hotel in the center of today's Guangzhou (Canton).

During the last part of the trip HRH the King and Queen of Sweden joined the crew on-board.

The entire project of recreating an 18th century Swedish East Indiaman and sending her to China again and back was all started as a private project by a small group of enthusiastic professionals, based on the excavation of the original East Indiaman Gotheborg.

Since I was one of them, here is my story on the [ PROJECT ] and the [ ARRIVAL IN GUANGZHOU ].
Jan-Erik Nilsson

Malacca - the historic port of exchange of old West and Inter Asian trade

Visit to Malacca, Malaysia in May 2002

In May 2002 I mentioned to some friends in Singapore, that I was planning to visit Southeast Asia again to among other things visit the very important historic trade city of Malacca on the west coast of Malaysia,

The pace of life in Singapore is fast and one hour later I got a call back. Everything was arranged. They would take the day off and if I could sleep for four hours after arrival in Singapore we would leave for Malacca by car at 4 am in the morning, so we would lose the morning traffic and have better driving temperature and that it would only take some three hours of driving anyway ...

So, I arrived after some 20 hours of air flight from Sweden via Amsterdam. A few hours later I was whisked off to Malaysia - still fast asleep - to wake up to breakfast and Kopi-O (black coffee without milk) just a few hundred meters from where a beautiful Ming princess and her tourage was set ashore to marry the Sultan of Malacca some 500 years earlier. Which was one of the reasons why I wanted to see this place ...

Click here to follow me to Malacca, Malaysia, in May 2002.
Text & Photo © Jan-Erik Nilsson.

Visit to Jingdezhen to study the excavation of the Imperial Porcelain Factory, in 1992

Chang River banks in Jingdezhen. Photo: © Jan-Erik Nilsson, 1992

Only a few yards from this spot at the river banks of the Chang River, flowing through the city of Jingdezhen, the Chinese Imperial kiln was built during the Yuan dynasty. The production grew and remained active well into the Early Republic period.

For the last 1000 years all kinds of Chinese porcelain shards and kiln debris has been dumped here as the city grew. So much in fact that the city of Jingdezhen are now resting on a thick layer of it, 30 feet deep or more in places.

In 1992 I was invited to study the results of the excavations of the former Imperial Porcelain Kiln, together with Professor Bo Gyllensvärd and two friends. Here is my diary and some of the photos from the visit.

Click here to visit my report from Visit to Jingdezhen 1992
Text & Photo © Jan-Erik Nilsson.

Visit to Singapore and Hong Kong, March 2001

Fake Chinese Porecelain for sale in Hong Kong

During March 3-12, 2001 I had the pleasure of visiting Singapore and Hong Kong. The purpose of the visit was to deepen my understanding of the Straits Chinese Porcelain and the related culture.

I also wanted to study 19th and 20th century Chinese porcelain, products of less known "provincial" trade porcelain kilns in Southern China, and to get a first hand impression on the trade in antique Chinese porcelain fakes, to visit several important scholars and collectors in the area, to learn and to take part of their specific knowledge.

Here is a short travel report to summarize some of my thoughts.

Click here to read the report from my Visit to Singapore and Hong Kong, March 2001
Text & Photo © Jan-Erik Nilsson.

Visit to Sten Sjöstrand off Tioman Island, Malaysia, Sept. 2001

Porcelain salvage storage

In September 2001 I got an invitation to visit the base camp of Sten Sjöstrand's marine archaeological and salvage expedition in Malaysia. I did and I am back. After a much needed shower and some rest I put together the following report.

I got to see piles of Si-Satchanalai (Sawankhalok district, Sukhothai) pieces, still in storage from the excavation of the Royal Nanhai 16th century cargo of Celadon ceramics - plus the very reason of my visit - a surface sample collection from the recently discovered 19th century and possibly "Straits Chinese" cargo. Now that can't be said to have been the case, but it was interesting anyway.

An underwater visit to the Desaru wreck site, Malaysia 2000

Click here to read my letter to the friends on the Gotheborg Discussion Board after my Visit to Sten Sjöstrand off Tioman Island, Malaysia, Sept. 2001
Text & Photo © Jan-Erik Nilsson.

Letters of Père d'Entrecolles 1712 and 1722

Letters of Père d'Entrecolles 1712 and 1722

The Letters of Père d'Entrecolles (1664-1741) here for the first time translated, commented and available in full on-line.

Being a French Jesuit missionary while spending some time in Jingdezhen Father d'Entrecolles got to know the porcelain industry of the early 18th century well. His reports was sent to and published in Europe in 1712 and 1722.

These two Letters of Pere d'Entrecolle are the most important accounts we have on the Chinese porcelain manufacturing in the early Qing dynasty and is important to understand for the authentication of antique porcelain.

Chinese Porcelain Collector's Help and Info Page

Antique Chinese Porcelain Questions and Answers

Q&A Porcelain Info Section with pictures of Chinese and Japanese porcelains, popular styles, shapes and decorations. This is a sample selection of JE Nilsson's replies to email'ed in questions. These plus Glossary and Marks section are all searchable via the Search box. Please see Ask a Question on how to submit your own questions. For collectors with a wide interest in learning and discussing Chinese and Japanese ceramics, please also consider a full membership of the Discussion Board.


Chinese Porcelain Collector's Help and Info Page

Sundry


Chinese Porcelain Collector's Help and Info Page

Antique Japanese Porcelain Questions and Answers


Chinese Porcelain Collector's Help and Info Page

The Ms. Sam Armijo Legacy; on: Occupied Japan


Chinese Porcelain Collector's Help and Info Page

Collector's Letters to the Editor


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