Antique Chinese Porcelain collectors' help and info page, Ming and Qing dynasty, Chinese porcelain marks

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Antique Chinese and Japanese Porcelain Collectors'
Help and Info Page

This is a Collectors' Help and Info Page for collectors of antique Chinese and Japanese porcelain with several thousand pages of information available without charge. Among them is an extensive archive of translated and dated Japanese and Chinese porcelain marks, a glossary of pottery, porcelain and ceramic art terms, Chinese porcelain history articles and documents, Chinese travelogues, tons of pictures and Question & Answer pages. You can also join our Discussion Board and Research Archive. If you need personal help on porcelain-related questions, you can contact me directly for a quick e-mail consultation. To search, read and participate in the Discussion Board you can register and pay a modest annual fee (please see Discussion Board membership). For authenticated antique porcelain objects for sale, you are welcome to view our Collection section. To find your way around on this large site, use any of the available search boxes, the navigation panel to the left or the drop-down box menu below. Or, you can just scroll down this page and start reading.
Quick jump to main sections:
For porcelain-related questions you can also contact me directly for a quick e-mail consultation.

Most welcome to Gotheborg.com
Jan-Erik Nilsson

FOR SALE

Chinese Imari Large jug, Kangxi c. 1700 ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

Chinese blue and white dish, Kangxi (1662-1722) ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

Jade pendant toggle ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

'Deshima' plate, 11.5', Ca Mau Shipwreck ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

Qianlong Famille Rose Meissen Style Plate ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

Ming 'Kraak' wine bottle, Wanli (1573-1620) ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

Charger, Thai Sisatchanalai ... [ Read More ] [ Log-in ]

Quick Chinese and Japanese Porcelain e-mail consultation

If you need a quick personal consultation on any Chinese porcelain related question you might have, you are welcome to e-mail me personally at chineseporcelaininfo.com as an alternative to signing up for the Discussion Board.

Click here to Ask A Question.

Chinese and Japanese Porcelain Marks Marks section, with more than 1400 translated and dated Chinese and Japanese Porcelain Marks. Illustrated, dated and translated.

Marks section, with more than 1,500 translated and dated Chinese and Japanese Porcelain Marks. Illustrated, dated and translated.
Click here to go directly to Chinese Marks, and here for Japanese marks.

This section have just been re-worked for much improved navigation. Hopefully the menus are now much easier to use to help looking through this large section. First choice is Japanese or Chinese, then the rest should be pretty straightforward.

Gotheborg.com Discussion Board Gotheborg.com Discussion Board Moderators JE and Tommy meet up

This forum, that is a part of the Gotheborg.com site, is a large and active advertising free collectors community offering personal help and information on Antique Chinese and Japanese pottery and porcelain. The fundamental idea is to encourage mutual help, collector to collector, while putting all commercial considerations aside.

This board is the best info and learning tool you can wish for. The rules are simple: 1. Ask when you need, 2. Help when you can, and 3. No buying, no selling, no advertising. See our policy page for details. "This Forum is more likely to get things right than even the larger auction houses", a member recently said.

Beside personal help from experts and interested fellow collectors, you can also search for information yourself in our large archive that features some 250,000 porcelain images, comments and explanations. In that way you can do your own research here under more than 100 different topics and find a lot of answers without asking a single question.

Membership fee, based on cost for running our own server, is $9.95 USD per month or a flat $29 USD per year. For more info, please see this page: http://www.gotheborg.com/sponsors/index.html .

Sign up here. Visit the Discussion Board here.

Free Art's historian research membership: Museum curators, Art's historian academics, researchers and students of Oriental Art - Free membership. Sign up as a Guest, describe your affiliation and mail us back for your free activation code.

Ongoing discussions right now:

Today 05:45pm [005.jpg] [006.jpg] ...

Today 05:43pm Dear Expert Board, This small (8 cm wide) piece is very curious, ...

Today 05:17pm Hello list, This bowl (diameter 15 cm) really puzzles me: The deco ...

Today 03:18pm Good morning; History of Karastu Wares. http://www.umakato.jp/english/kar ...

Today 03:16pm Just for interest , here is an unusual Kutani dish, not in style particular ...

Today 12:25pm Greetings - Agree, the beginning of the end..... for this thread. There ar ...

Today 12:22pm Dear Roberto, thanks for your reference post. Best Michelangelo ...

Today 12:16pm From Simon Kwan's "Song ceramics" [IMG_3026.JPG] [IMG_3024.J ...

Today 11:50am I think it is Yuan, but I have never seen anything this big. best; Giel ...

Today 11:48am Hi Ed, A very intriguing and rather beautiful piece you have there. Assumin ...

One members' comment about our Discussion Board:

Glossary of Chinese and Japanese Porcelain Terms Glossary of Chinese Porcelain Terms

Glossary of Chinese Pottery and Porcelain Terms, Decorations and Symbols. More than 520 terms explained and illustrated. The glossary is constantly updated. Click here to go directly to the Glossary.

Q&A Porcelain Info Section

Large Q&A Porcelain Info Section with pictures of Chinese and Japanese porcelains, popular styles, shapes and decorations. Please see Ask a Question on how to summit your own questions. For collectors with a wide interest in learning and discussing Chinese and Japanese ceramics, please also consider a full membership of the Discussion Board.

100 Best Books Glossary of Chinese Porcelain Terms

An ever growing list of recommended books on Japanese and Chinese Pottery and Porcelain. There are many good books out there. This section will just show a few recent and a few classic books that in my view deserve a place in any collector's library.

The Swedish East India Company, Trading to China 1731-1813 The Swedish East India Company, Trading to China 1731-1813

Trade, ships, wrecks, ceramics and Marine Archaeology. On-going and past.

Stories and Visits to China at the Gotheborg Porcelain Collector's Help and Info Page

Letters of Père d'Entrecolles 1712 and 1722

Letters of Père d'Entrecolles 1712 and 1722

The Letters of Père d'Entrecolles (1664-1741) here for the first time translated, commented and available in full on-line.

Being a French Jesuit missionary while spending some time in Jingdezhen Father d'Entrecolles got to know the porcelain industry of the early 18th century well. His reports was sent to and published in Europe in 1712 and 1722.

These two Letters of Pere d'Entrecolle are the most important accounts we have on the Chinese porcelain manufacturing in the early Qing dynasty and is important to understand for the authentication of antique porcelain.

Twenty Illustrations of the Manufacture of Porcelain by Tang Ying, 1745

A Chinese porcelain potter in Jingdezhen 1992. Photo: Jan-Erik Nilsson, 1992

This is the full text from the document called "Twenty Illustrations of the Manufacture of Porcelain", written on Imperial command in 1745.

The author is Tang Ying, the celebrated superintendent of the Imperial Porcelain factory in the Jiangxi province during the years 1736-1753.

The translation was made by S.W. Bushell in 1899. Since the original pictures from 1743 has been lost the text is accompanied by pictures where applicable, taken in 1991 and 1992 when I had the privilege of spending a few weeks in Jingdezhen together with Professor Bo Gyllensvärd.

The Swedish exhibition of Chinese pottery and porcelain in the 'Forbidden City' (Gugong), Beijing 2005

Exhibition opening ceremony and meeting w Professor <i>Geng Baoshang</i>, well known for his profound writings and scholarship on Chinese Imperial porcelain.

During September to December 2005 a Swedish exhibition of Chinese pottery and porcelain was held at the Wumen Exhibition Hall in the Forbidden City (Old Palace 'Gugong' Museum) in Beijing. The purpose was to highlight the long time peaceful relations between Sweden and China, from J G Anderssons discoveries of the Neolithic past of China, to The East Indiaman Gotheborg ship excavation and rebuilding.

The exhibition focused on 18th century Chinese porcelain exported to the West but highlighted Neolithic pottery and some Imperial wares, from a rare example of Ru ware in the Röhss Museum Collection to Chinese porcelain made to order of the Swedish East India Company.

Welcome to browse the on-line version of the catalog here. Web layout, hosting and photo, courtesy of Jan-Erik Nilsson, Gotheborg.com.

Frank B. Lentz visit to Jingdezhen November 1920

Frank B. Lenz visit to Jingdezhen November 1920

In the early 20th century, in November 1920, immediately after that the Chinese Empire had fallen and the Imperial Porcelain Factory had been turned into a private venture, Frank B. Lenz visited Jingdezhen.

The report was published together with photographs by the author in the November 1920 issue of The National Geographic Magazine.

This entire article is available here.

Visit to old Terracotta Pottery Kiln in Bali

Visit to old Terracotta Pottery Kiln in Bali

A while ago I visited Bali in an attempt to look for traces of the old Majapahit Kingdom.

While the historic center of the Majapahit Kingdom had been located at the eastern end of the just nearby Java Island, Bali was to me of equal interest. Somewhat I also hoped that more of the old culture would had remained through the Buddhist and Hindu traditions, still predominant in Bali since much of the actual downfall of the Majapahit had been contemporary with Islam becoming the dominating belief on Java.

What I found was a beautiful Island, fairly modern and very friendly, and a local Terracotta Pottery and Kiln, still very much functioning, putting out large terracotta Jardinières for flowers and garden decorations. In was interesting to see how these large pots were made from the mud up to finished lead glazed pots, taller than men.

Visit Bali with me.

Visit to the old Shiwan kilns in Fushan, near Guangzhou, 2006

Visit to the Shiwan (Shekwan) kilns and Fushan city, near Canton (Guangzhou) 2006

During 2006 I had the pleasure to, together with the Gotheborg III Ship project friends and co-founders Anders and Berit Wästfelt, visit Guangzhou and also take the opportunity to visit the not much visited but very important city of Fushan and the Nanfeng kilns in Shiwan. The staple town for tea and porcelain enamels during the 18th century.

This is the origin of the old Kwangtung wares and the heavily glazed tiles, pots and masterly sculpted figures. Well known from late Ming, popular during Qing and very much alive until today.

Welcome to visit Shiwan with me.

Visit to the City of Canton, 2006

Photo: Jan-Erik Nilsson

In July 2006 the rebuilt Swedish East Indiaman 'Gotheborg' finally arrived in Canton.

Since I had the pleasure to be very much involved in the starting of the project, as one of my personal musts when it arrived I really wanted to explore the City of Canton and see if I could find my way around by using this rare export porcelain dish as a map ...

The dish in itself is from around the 1760s but portrays a city where the European factories had not yet been built.

The source for this painting is not known, but in the collection of the China Castle in Stockholm, Sweden, dating to the 1740s there is an album leaf which shows a high degree of similarities. [ more ]

The East Indiaman Gotheborg III Ship, in Guangzhou, 2006

The Swedish East Indiaman Gotheborg III arrives in China July 2006, Photo: Jan-Erik Nilsson, 2006

The 17th of July 2006 the rebuilt replica of the first 'East Indiaman Gotheborg' arrived from Sweden to Boca Tigris in the Pearl River delta outside Canton, to later pass the old anchorage at 'Whampoa' to come to rest opposite the White Swan Hotel in the center of today's Guangzhou (Canton).

During the last part of the trip HRH the King and Queen of Sweden joined the crew on-board.

The entire project of recreating an 18th century Swedish East Indiaman and sending her to China again and back was all started as a private project by a small group of enthusiastic professionals, based on the excavation of the original East Indiaman Gotheborg.

Since I was one of them, here is my story on the [ PROJECT ] and the [ ARRIVAL IN GUANGZHOU ].
Jan-Erik Nilsson

Malacca - the historic port of exchange of old West and Inter Asian trade

Visit to Malacca, Malaysia in May 2002

In May 2002 I mentioned to some friends in Singapore, that I was planning to visit Southeast Asia again to among other things visit the very important historic trade city of Malacca on the west coast of Malaysia,

The pace of life in Singapore is fast and one hour later I got a call back. Everything was arranged. They would take the day off and if I could sleep for four hours after arrival in Singapore we would leave for Malacca by car at 4 am in the morning, so we would lose the morning traffic and have better driving temperature and that it would only take some three hours of driving anyway ...

So, I arrived after some 20 hours of air flight from Sweden via Amsterdam. A few hours later I was whisked off to Malaysia - still fast asleep - to wake up to breakfast and Kopi-O (black coffee without milk) just a few hundred meters from where a beautiful Ming princess and her tourage was set ashore to marry the Sultan of Malacca some 500 years earlier. Which was one of the reasons why I wanted to see this place ...

Click here to follow me to Malacca, Malaysia, in May 2002.
Text & Photo © Jan-Erik Nilsson.

Visit to Jingdezhen to study the excavation of the Imperial Porcelain Factory, in 1992

Chang River banks in Jingdezhen. Photo: © Jan-Erik Nilsson, 1992

Only a few yards from this spot at the river banks of the Chang River, flowing through the city of Jingdezhen, the Chinese Imperial kiln was built during the Yuan dynasty. The production grew and remained active well into the Early Republic period.

For the last 1000 years all kinds of Chinese porcelain shards and kiln debris has been dumped here as the city grew. So much in fact that the city of Jingdezhen are now resting on a thick layer of it, 30 feet deep or more in places.

In 1992 I was invited to study the results of the excavations of the former Imperial Porcelain Kiln, together with Professor Bo Gyllensvärd and two friends. Here is my diary and some of the photos from the visit.

Click here to visit my report from Visit to Jingdezhen 1992
Text & Photo © Jan-Erik Nilsson.

Visit to Singapore and Hong Kong, March 2001

Fake Chinese Porecelain for sale in Hong Kong

During March 3-12, 2001 I had the pleasure of visiting Singapore and Hong Kong. The purpose of the visit was to deepen my understanding of the Straits Chinese Porcelain and the related culture.

I also wanted to study 19th and 20th century Chinese porcelain, products of less known "provincial" trade porcelain kilns in Southern China, and to get a first hand impression on the trade in antique Chinese porcelain fakes, to visit several important scholars and collectors in the area, to learn and to take part of their specific knowledge.

Here is a short travel report to summarize some of my thoughts.

Click here to read the report from my Visit to Singapore and Hong Kong, March 2001
Text & Photo © Jan-Erik Nilsson.

Visit to Sten Sjöstrand off Tioman Island, Malaysia, Sept. 2001

Porcelain salvage storage

In September 2001 I got an invitation to visit the base camp of Sten Sjöstrand's marine archaeological and salvage expedition in Malaysia. I did and I am back. After a much needed shower and some rest I put together the following report.

I got to see piles of Si-Satchanalai (Sawankhalok district, Sukhothai) pieces, still in storage from the excavation of the Royal Nanhai 16th century cargo of Celadon ceramics - plus the very reason of my visit - a surface sample collection from the recently discovered 19th century and possibly "Straits Chinese" cargo. Now that can't be said to have been the case, but it was interesting anyway.

An underwater visit to the Desaru wreck site, Malaysia 2000

Click here to read my letter to the friends on the Gotheborg Discussion Board after my Visit to Sten Sjöstrand off Tioman Island, Malaysia, Sept. 2001
Text & Photo © Jan-Erik Nilsson.


Chinese Porcelain Collector's Help and Info Page

Antique Chinese Porcelain Questions and Answers

Q&A Porcelain Info Section with pictures of Chinese and Japanese porcelains, popular styles, shapes and decorations. This is a sample selection of JE Nilsson's replies to email'ed in questions. These plus Glossary and Marks section are all searchable via the Search box. Please see Ask a Question on how to submit your own questions. For collectors with a wide interest in learning and discussing Chinese and Japanese ceramics, please also consider a full membership of the Discussion Board.


Chinese Porcelain Collector's Help and Info Page

Sundry


Chinese Porcelain Collector's Help and Info Page

Antique Japanese Porcelain Questions and Answers


Chinese Porcelain Collector's Help and Info Page

The Ms. Sam Armijo Legacy; on: Occupied Japan


Chinese Porcelain Collector's Help and Info Page

Collector's Letters to the Editor


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